Effect of high strain rates and temperature on the micromechanical properties of 3D-printed polymer structures made by two-photon lithography

N. Rohbeck; R. Ramachandramoorthy; D. Casari; P. Schürch; T. E. J. Edwards; L. Schilinsky; L. Philippe; J. Schwiedrzik; J. Michler

Materials and Design 195 (2020) 45536

Two-photon lithography (TPL) enables the fabrication of metamaterials exhibiting unprecedented mechanical performance. Such lattice structures consist of micron-scale geometric features and are designed to achieve their envisioned properties through stretching and bending of individual trusses. Here, we present for the first time a comprehensive study of the effect of temperature and strain rate on the mechanical properties of micron-sized 3D printed polymers made by TPL using Nanoscribe’s negative tone photoresist IP-Dip. A strong strain rate dependency was identified for the yield strength, which increased fourfold in compression from 68 MPa to 230 MPa as the strain rate was raised from 7e−4 s−1 to 600 s−1. This trend was also seen in tension. The elastic modulus was found to increase with strain rate in the quasistatic regime but was constant at 3.2 GPa for strain rates of 0.7 s−1 and above. Even slightly elevated temperatures of 80°C led to a significant drop in the yield strength and elastic modulus, though the observed reduction was less severe at higher strain rates. Further, a model based on the strain rate-temperature superposition principle is reported that allows the extrapolation of the mechanical properties even beyond the conditions tested here.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2020.108977